Why Do Teeth Become Discoloured?

The yellowing and darkening of the teeth is a natural process that many people will experience, although it can be influenced by a variety of factors.

Smoking, failure to brush your teeth properly, regular consumption of foods and drinks rich in tannins (including tea, coffee, some berries and other fruits, nuts, legumes and wine), exposure to certain chemicals (some found in fairly common medicines) and the natural wear and tear to the enamel that comes with age can all magnify the effects.

Here are a few things you can do to help:

Professional Teeth Whitening:

In-office teeth whitening procedures, conducted by a dentist, involve the use of a bleaching agent and specialized light or laser to effectively lighten tooth color.

At-Home Teeth Whitening:

Dentists may provide at-home whitening kits with custom-made trays and bleaching gel. These kits are used over time as directed by the dentist.

Good Oral Hygiene Practices:

Maintaining regular oral hygiene, including brushing, flossing, and using antiseptic mouthwash, can prevent surface stains and contribute to cleaner-looking teeth.

Avoiding Staining Substances:

Reducing or eliminating the consumption of staining substances such as coffee, tea, red wine, and tobacco can help prevent yellowing of the teeth.

Dental Veneers:

Thin, custom-made shells known as dental veneers can be applied to the front surface of teeth to mask discolorations, providing a whiter and brighter appearance.

Dental Bonding:

Dental bonding involves applying a tooth-colored resin to the tooth surface, shaping, and polishing it to match surrounding teeth, improving the appearance of discolored teeth.

Crowns or Bridges:

For severely discolored or damaged teeth, dental crowns or bridges may be recommended, covering or replacing affected teeth.

Regular Dental Checkups:

Regular visits to the dentist for professional cleanings and checkups are essential for preventing and detecting potential dental issues early on.

It’s essential to consult with a dentist to determine the cause of tooth discoloration and receive personalized advice on the most appropriate treatment for your specific situation. While over-the-counter whitening products are available, consulting with a dentist before using them is advisable.